Let’s know what is a calf cramp?
A leg cramp is an episode of sudden pain in the muscles of the leg caused by an involuntary contracting (shortening) of the leg muscle. Most leg cramps occur in the calf muscles and, less commonly, in the feet and thighs.
Relax the cramping muscle. Stop any activity that may have induced the cramp and lightly stretch the muscle, gently holding the stretch. You may even massage the muscle while you stretch or after you finish. Consider applying a heating pad to the area.
Hydrate yourself at regular intervals:
Dehydration is one of the biggest causes of a leg cramp—so it pays to make sure that you’re not just drinking your fluids in the morning when you wake up and right before you go to bed, but all through your live long day! Every day you’re losing fluids that you’ve taken in, through exercise, each time you go to the restroom, and even though the basic breath! Diversify how you take in your liquids by replacing some glasses of tap water with flavored water (you can make your own with sliced cucumbers, watermelon or strawberries).
Replace a cup of coffee with a cup of green tea (which offers so many health benefits, such as being a great weight loss aid) and get in the habit of drinking a hydrating beverage before and after each meal. This will help you stay on top of your hydration, without it feeling like such a chore.
Walking around may help ease leg cramps by sending a signal to the muscle that it needs to relax after it contracts. If all else fails, and you continue to have regular muscle cramps, consider getting regular massages to help the muscles relax.
Top it up with minerals:
There are multiple reasons you may be getting painful leg cramps (which typically occur in your calves) at night. It could be that you’re dehydrated, you’re overdoing it during a workout, or the result of your being pregnant or perhaps, just not getting enough nutrients is causing you to have insufficient levels of magnesium and calcium. Your muscle contracts, and from a few seconds to a minute or more, you’ve got the pain to deal with! However, when you add a few new supplements to your diet (calcium, magnesium, and potassium), you may be able to prevent irritating Charlie horses from showing up, altogether!