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What Is Stress?

Stress acts like a built-in alarm system in our bodies. It’s our natural reaction to challenges. Imagine you’re crossing a street. Suddenly, a car speeds towards you. Your heart beats fast. Your muscles tighten, and your mind sharpens: it is stress in action. It helps you leap to safety. But, this isn’t just about physical danger. It can arise from a hard day at work or an argument with a friend. It even appears when we’re excited about a big event. Ultimately, this is about our response to our surroundings.

What causes stress exactly?

Stress is the body’s way of dealing with challenges or demands. These are called stressors. Stressors range from work deadlines to personal conflicts. They include financial worries and even positive events like wedding planning. Our bodies treat all this the same, whether good or bad. It depends on how we view these demands. If they seem too tough or overwhelming, our anxiety increases.

How does stress affect us?

Stress sharpens our alertness and boosts energy, but it’s harmful if it lasts too long or intense. It’s like overworking a car engine. Over time, it leads to problems. Symptoms of stress include sleep issues, anxiety, depression, headaches, and stomach issues. It also affects our immune system. Stress impacts more than just our body. It clouds our thinking and decision-making and makes daily life more challenging.

Types of Stress

1. Acute Stress

Acute stress is the sprinter of the tension world. It’s short-lived and often linked to specific situations or challenges. Think of it as feeling nervous before a big presentation or frustrated after an argument. It’s intense but doesn’t last long. Once the situation is over, the stress usually fades. While it can be overwhelming, acute stress doesn’t usually cause lasting harm and can even be exciting in small doses.

2. Chronic Stress

Chronic stress is the marathon runner hanging around for the long haul. It develops when stressors don’t go away, like ongoing financial problems, a challenging job, or an unhappy relationship. Over time, this constant pressure can lead to serious health issues, including heart disease, high blood pressure, anxiety, depression, and other illnesses. It’s sneaky because we often get used to it and might not realize how heavily it weighs on us until physical or emotional symptoms appear.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Stress?

It’s not always loud and clear when stress knocks on your door. Sometimes, it’s a quiet visitor, showing up in subtle ways. You might find yourself feeling more irritable than usual, or perhaps you’re having trouble sleeping. Your mind could be running a marathon with worries, or your stomach might be doing somersaults. These are the whispers of stress, telling you that something’s up. It’s like your body’s alarm system, letting you know it’s time to slow down and breathe.

How is stress diagnosed?

Diagnosing stress isn’t like spotting a cold. There’s no simple test that says, “Yep, that’s stress!” Instead, it’s like being an investigator in your own life. You look at the signs; maybe you’re snapping at your loved ones, feeling exhausted, or your head is constantly aching. Then, you piece it together with what’s happening around you. Are you juggling too many tasks? Facing big changes or challenges? When these clues come together, it points towards stress. Sometimes, a chat with a doctor or a counsellor helps put the pieces in place.

Who is affected by stress?

Guess what? Stress is a universal guest. It doesn’t care who you are, where you’re from, or what you do. From the busy executive to the stay-at-home parent, from the college student to the retiree, everyone gets a visit from stress at some point. It’s a part of life, like rain or sunshine. The key is not to avoid this because, let’s be honest, that’s impossible, but to learn how to dance in the rain it brings.

How much stress is too much?

Here’s the tricky part: there’s no one-size-fits-all answer. What might be a breeze for one person can be a storm for another. It’s about knowing your limits. If stress starts to feel like a heavyweight you’re carrying around, making it hard to enjoy life or do what you must, that’s a sign. It’s like a cup of water; a little bit is fine, but too much, and it starts to spill over. Listen to your body and mind. They’re the best judges when your stress cup is too full.

What’s the right time to talk to a medical professional?

Stress is like an unwelcome guest in your life. Sometimes, it’s just a minor annoyance, popping up regularly. But when it starts to feel like a constant, heavy shadow, it’s time to consider seeking help. Talking to a doctor is smart when tension interferes with your daily life. It could mean you’re having trouble sleeping, feeling anxious more often than not, or even noticing changes in your appetite or mood. It’s like realizing that the noise in your car isn’t just going to go away; you need a professional to take a look.


The road to handling tension becomes clearer once you decide to talk to a doctor. Treatment for stress isn’t one-size-fits-all. It’s more like a tailor-made suit designed to fit just your needs. Your doctor might suggest some lifestyle changes, like exercising or meditation. Sometimes, they might recommend therapy, where talking things out can untangle the knots in your mind. Medication might be on the table in some cases, but it’s usually part of a broader plan, not the whole solution.

Wrapping up

In the end, dealing with tension means taking control of your life. It’s about recognizing when you need help and being brave enough to ask for it. You can return to a more peaceful, enjoyable life with the right approach, whether lifestyle changes, therapy, or a mix of treatments. It’s like fixing that noisy car. It might take effort and time, but the smooth, quiet ride afterward is worth it. Look, it’s not just about getting rid of anxiety; it’s about rediscovering your path to a happier, healthier you.


Deckline Leitao

Deckline Leitao received his sports science training in South Africa and the UK. Following his graduate degree in Sport Science from the University of KZN, South Africa in 2003 …

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